Gertrude Mary Hirst (January 22, 1869 – January 12, 1962), better known as G. M. Hirst, was an English-American classicist. Her most influential publication was her 1926 proposal (in Classical World vol. 19) that Livy was born in 64 BC, rather than the traditional date of 59 BC; this claim would later also be advocated by academics including Ronald Syme.
Hirst was born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire, in 1869. Her father, Alfred, was a prosperous wool-stapler, & her mother, social security calculator by age
Wrigley Hirst, was first cousin phệ H. H. Asquith, British Liberal MP & Prime Minister from 1908 – 1916. [ một ] She was the sister of journalist, historian, & biographer Francis Hirst, và writer Margaret Hirst. Her brother William was a published authority on Argentina. [ 2 ]Hirst read Classics at Newnham College, Cambridge, from 1887 Khủng 1891, where she became friends with classicist Arthur Woolgar Verrall & his wife Margaret, và the scholar of ancient Greek religion Jane Harrison. She worked as a lecturer in Classics at the University of Birmingham before moving mập the United States lớn become a teacher at the Louisville Female Seminary, where she worked from 1891 Khủng 1901 .
She meanwhile did graduate work at Columbia under Edward Delavan Perry và Mortimer Lamson Earle, earning a master’s degree in 1900 và Ph. D. in 1901. Her dissertation, “ The Cults of Olbia, ” was published in the Journal of Hellenic Studies. [ ba ] Upon earning her Ph. D., she became assistant professor in Greek và Latin at Barnard College, a position she held from 1901 through lớn her retirement in 1943. [ 2 ]Hirst lived in the dormitory và dined with the girls, often inviting them mập tea. [ một ] She was known for riding lao dốc the centre of Broadway on her bicycle. [ bốn ] Perhaps her most famous student was archaeologist Evelyn Byrd Harrison .Her one published book of collected papers includes biên tập on the Roman authors Catullus, Horace, Livy, Juvenal, Virgil, Martial, Tacitus, & Statius .
Her most influential publication was her 1926 proposal (in Classical World vol. 19) that Livy was born in 64 BC, rather than the traditional date of 59 BC. This meant that Livy died in Patavium in AD17 at the age of 81 rather than 76, and that his advanced age, rather than the succession of Tiberius, led him to retire to his native town.
She died in Croton, Thành Phố New York, in 1962. [ 2 ]Collected Classical Papers of Gertrude Mary Hirst ( Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1938 )
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