basic design [edit ]
obverse of a Seated Liberty Half Dime, date 1857 .
obverse [edit ]
The basic obverse design of the Seated Liberty neologism, designed by Mint engraver Christian Gobrecht and drawn by Thomas Sully, consisted of the figure of Liberty clothe in a flow apparel and seated upon a rock. In her left field hand, she holds a familiarity perch surmounted by a phrygian ceiling, which had been a pre-eminent symbol of freedom during the drift of Neoclassicism ( and in fact traces its roots back to Ancient Greece and Rome ). Although it had fallen out of prefer in Europe by 1830, Neoclassicism remained in vogue in the United States until after the American Civil War. Liberty ‘s right hand rested on the top corner of a denude shield with a diagonal banner inscribed with the bible “ Liberty ”. The shield represented readiness in the defense of freedom. The date of the coin appeared on the penetrate below Liberty .
reverse of the Seated Liberty Half Dime.
reverse [edit ]
The basic turn back design of Seated Liberty coins depended on the denomination. The size of half dimes and dimes necessitated a smaller array of elements. On these coins, the reverse systematically featured a wreath around the words “ half dime bag ” or “ one dime ”. Before 1860, this wreath consisted of laurel leaves, a traditional neoclassic image, but beginning that class, the wreath was enlarged and was filled not entirely with leaves, but besides traditional american agrarian products, such as corn and wheat. On quarter, half dollars, and silver dollar coins, the rearward featured a central eagle about to take flight, with a clean shield upon its breast. The eagle clutched an olive branch of peace in its correct talons and a group of arrows in its leave talons. Above the eagle around the brim were the words “ United States of America ” and below the eagle around the flange lay the mint denomination. Beginning in 1866, the coins featured a decoration with the motto “ In God We Trust ” above the eagle .
Modifications [edit ]
Stars [edit ]
When the beginning Seated Liberty half dimes and dimes appeared in 1837, the obverse contained no stars. There are two varieties ; the big date and the small date. For the dime, these two types can be distinguished by noting the “ 3 ” and the “ 7 ” in the go steady. In the large date assortment, the “ 3 ” has a pointy serif at exceed, and the horizontal element of the “ 7 ” is straight. In the minor date diverseness, the “ 3 ” has a rounded serif, and there is small a node, or bulge, in the “ 7 ” horizontal component. only the Philadelphia Mint made both varieties. The minor go steady is slightly rarer. The New Orleans Mint made only one variety. For the one-half dime bag, the minor date can be distinguished by the fact that it is slenderly bend in a “ smile ” orientation, alike to the Bust type of one-half dime. The large go steady can be distinguished by the fact that the date is more in a uncoiled channel, like to dates of subsequently years for the Seated Liberty. only the Philadelphia Mint made half dimes in this year. The Liberty Seated dime bag of 1838 minted in New Orleans, was the first U.S. coin struck anywhere outside of Philadelphia. In other words, this is the inaugural ramify mint coin. [ 1 ] The future year, the coins featured thirteen six-pointed stars around the rim, commemorating the master thirteen colonies .
curtain [edit ]
The Seated Liberty coins featured a few minor design changes over the years. Around 1840 ( the claim date depends upon the denomination ), excess curtain was added to Liberty ‘s leave elbow .
Arrows and rays [edit ]
Liberty Seated quarter with arrows and rays. In 1853 and 1873, the U.S. Mint changed the system of weights of each denomination of argent coins. Both times, arrows were added to the coins on each side of the date. These were removed from coins in 1856 and 1875, respectively. In 1853, the mint besides placed rays around the eagle on the reverse of half dollars and quarters, a sport which endured for that one class entirely .
Legend and mintmarks [edit ]
1839-O Liberty Seated one-half dime with New Orleans mintmark.
In 1860 the U.S. Mint eliminated the stars on the obverse of Seated Liberty half dimes and dimes, replacing them with the legend “ United States of America ”, which had previously appeared around the wreath on the inverse of the coins. Before this time, half dimes and dimes minted in New Orleans and San Francisco had featured their mintmarks inside the wreaths. Afterwards, the “ O ” and “ S ” ( and, belated, the “ CC ” for Carson City ) mintmarks were located below the wreath next to the flange. On quarters, half dollars, and argent dollars, the mintmarks were constantly placed below the eagle but above the coin currency on the reverse .
Varieties [edit ]
many people collect Seated neologism by variety. This can range from a repunched mintmark to the stead of a date on the mint to a die crack at diverse stages. This type of collect has been popular with Bust half dollars for well over 100 years. Seated coin collecting by variety show has grown over the last 30 years with the constitution of the Liberty Seated Collectors Club .
conclusion of coinage [edit ]
The Seated Liberty design remained standard on all american english coins ranging from half dimes to half dollars for decades, but by 1879 — the year after the Bland-Allison Act caused a drastic curtailment in the mintages of Seated Liberty half dollars, quarters, and even dimes until 1883, there was increased criticism and calls for its successor, partially due to changing artistic tastes and perceived “ suavity ” — Wendell Phillips admonished college students to “ sit not, like the figure on our silver medal mint, ever looking back. ” This led to the new “ Barber Head ” design, approved by President Harrison in 1891 and which began minting a year belated, although it excessively would soon be criticized for “ suavity, ” leading to the Barber coinage ‘s substitution by the Mercury dime bag, the Standing Liberty stern, and the Walking Liberty half dollar, all making their debut in 1916 ( the Mercury dime bag included the motto “ In God We Trust, ” making that motto ‘s placement on U.S. coins universal, as the motto was not on the Barber dime, due to quad limitations ) .
References [edit ]
- The E-Sylum : volume 11, Number 45, November 9, 2008, Article 9 hypertext transfer protocol : //www.coinbooks.org/esylum_v11n45a09.html
- Liberty Seated Half Dime Large Date and Small Date Varieties: A Guide Book of United States Coins, by Richard (R. S.) Yeoman, 2007, ISBN 0-7948-2039-5
- Liberty Seated Dime Large Date and small Date Varieties: Seated Coins
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